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How To Manage 4 Types Of Framework Agreement In Salesforce

How To Manage 4 Types Of Framework Agreement In Salesforce

Framework agreements exist in virtually every industry.

They are the backbone of many commercial relationships. If you want a long-term relationship with a customer, then get a framework agreement in place.

So naturally, you want to manage framework agreements in salesforce.

Yet companies often struggle to do this.

“We’ve made a dog’s breakfast of it”, as one prospect told me recently.

They weren’t wrong.

However, here’s what you need. The definitive guide to managing framework agreements in salesforce.

Types of Framework Agreement

To manage framework agreements in salesforce effectively, you first have to decide which type of framework you are dealing with.

Here are four types of framework agreement you can manage in salesforce.

  1. Drawdown.
  2. Regular Order.
  3. Occasional Order.
  4. License to Hunt.

(If you have a different type of framework agreement, let us know. We’ll figure out how to manage it in salesforce).

1. Drawdown Framework Agreements

This means customers ‘drawdown’ a quantity of products against an overall assumed volume.

Often, at the start of the agreement, there is an assumed order quantity each month. In practice however, the actual order quantity can often vary from month to month.

Drawdown framework agreements are common in many industries.

For example, based in Greensboro, NC, Gilbarco Veeder Root finalizes a drawdown framework agreement with a petrol retailer for the purchase of a large quantity of petrol pumps.

The agreement defines the products, pricing, commercial arrangements and legal terms of the contract.

However, the petrol retailer does not want to receive all the pumps in one go.

Consequently, there may be a written minimum and maximum order quantity each month. However, progress on their gas station re-fit program will determine the actual quantity ordered each month.

2. Regular Order Framework Agreements

Companies that sell large volumes of relatively small-ticket items or consumables often use transactional framework agreements.

The customer places regular orders when they need to re-stock. Often, the customer does this directly via an online portal.

For example, in the UK, Zimmer Biomet sell a variety of consumable products to dental practices.

Zimmer Biomet enters into a framework agreement with the dentist. This agreement specifies the price for each product, together with the support and other services provided by Zimmer Biomet.

The dental practices place orders every few weeks using the Zimmer Biomet ERP portal. This streamlines the end-to-end process of packing, shipping and invoicing each order.

3. Occasional Order Framework Agreements

With these framework agreements, customers place occasional, rather than regular orders.

These occasional orders are often significant in size. The framework agreement covers the commercial terms and over-arching legal terms. However, a separate specification and agreement defines the specific products and services within each order.

Based in Malta, Evolve provide products and services to fit and equip a wide variety of medical laboratories.

Fitting-out each new laboratory is a significant undertaking.

A framework agreement is set up with a pharmaceutical company or government department. This agreement defines the pricing and other terms that apply to each contract within the framework agreement.

However, no two laboratories are alike. Each order requires consultancy and detailed collaboration with the customer to define the specific products and services that are required. Consequently, a separate contract, under the umbrella of the framework agreement, defines the agreed work.

4. License To Hunt Framework Agreements

A license to hunt framework agreement gives one party the permission to seek-out deals elsewhere in the organization or group of companies.

It’s a common agreement in financial services and many other industries.

For example, based in the UK, Hornbuckle Mitchell provide financial services to brokers. They can secure a license to hunt framework agreement in two ways.

First, within a large multi-branch brokerage, the head office team will make framework agreements with selected providers in each market category. This gives Hornbuckle Mitchell permission to visit the branches and convince individual brokers to use their products.

Second, Hornbuckle Mitchell makes framework agreements with buying groups.

These financial services buying groups make framework agreements on behalf of many small brokers. The agreements cover fees, training, regulatory services and more. The license to hunt gives Hornbuckle Mitchell permission to visit the members of the buying group to promote their financial products.

How To Manage Framework Agreements in Salesforce

Here’s how to manage each of the four types of framework agreement in salesforce.

1. Drawdown Framework Agreements In Salesforce

Products, combined with standard or custom schedules, are the key to managing drawdown framework agreements in salesforce.
Here’s how.

Create an Opportunity to represent the potential framework agreement. Add Products to the Opportunity to represent the physical goods and intangible services you anticipate the customer purchasing during the lifetime of the framework agreement. (Consider using the GSP Product Selection Wizard to make it easy to add Products to Quotes or Opportunities in salesforce).

Then, for each Product create a schedule that describes how the products and services will be drawdown.

Let’s use an example to illustrate this. Assume the customer anticipates purchasing 216 generators over a 12-month period. To make it easy, we assume each generator costs $1000.

The opportunity has a ‘gross’ value of $216,000 (216 x $1000). That’s the figure in the Amount field.

Add products to the opportunity to represent the goods and services the customer will buy in the framework agreement.

From gross sales perspective, the deal is worth $216,000. However, that’s only half the story.

Forecast Revenue On Drawdown Agreements

We can use revenue schedules to forecast the month-on-month order value.

Revenue schedules project the anticipated income over an extended period. Create a revenue schedule for each product on your opportunity.

This means we get an accurate view of the revenue contribution from each opportunity, over time.

Use revenue schedules to forecast sales on framework agreements.

Using our example, we might assume that on average, the customer will drawdown generators to the value of $18,000 per month.

Optionally, you can adjust the revenue schedule for this month based on the actual value of orders placed. At the same time, you can also update the forecast for future months, based on your latest information from the customer.

You can use a similar approach to forecast the quantity of products the customer will draw-down each month.

Don’t forget you can also use the GSP Schedule Shifter to keep the Opportunity Close Date aligned with your schedules.

Auto Adjust Product Schedules To Match Close Date Changes

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Auto Adjust Product Schedules To Match Close Date Changes

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For much more on using the standard revenue schedules in salesforce read 5 Killer Examples Of Recurring Revenue Forecasts In Salesforce.

Custom Schedules for revenue forecasting

The standard revenue schedule functionality in salesforce works well for many of our customers.

But not all.

The problem is the standard feature is not very flexible. You can’t, for example, track the Status of each schedule – Not Ordered, Ordered, Invoiced, Paid.

To do this, you need custom schedules. These give considerable flexibility for revenue and quantity forecasting on framework agreements in salesforce. This has even included s-curve revenue forecasting for some clients.

Use our custom revenue schedule app for this more advanced type scheduling and revenue tracking.

2. Manage Regular Order Framework Agreements in Salesforce

‘Regular order’ framework agreements in salesforce also need an opportunity.

However, this time the opportunity serves a different purpose. It represents the process of getting a potential customer onto the books.

In other words, the opportunity has a notional value. No orders are placed and no money changes hands on the day the deal is done.

Rather, there is an expectation that the customer will begin placing a flow of regular orders.

The customer will require regular account management. However, there’s no sales process required for each order.

So, here’s what you don’t want to do:

Create an opportunity for each new order. Rather, use a custom object to track all the orders that get placed.

At Zimmer Biomet, customers place orders using a portal that gives access to the ERP system. Integration with the ERP system inserts these orders – and associated invoices – into custom objects in salesforce.

It wasn’t always this way, though. Initially, Zimmer Biomet extracted the orders into a spreadsheet each week. The orders were imported into salesforce using the Data Loader. It just goes to show, one person’s integration is another’s import wizard!

For more information on this topic, Import Orders Into Salesforce to Optimize Account Revenue.

Either way, account managers have great visibility of the trend in orders for each customer.

Orders and Invoices imported into salesforce gives account managers great visibility of the trends for each customer.

Zimmer Biomet uses this information to segment customers, drive business development activity and implement marketing campaigns. They also measure account management performance, not on opportunities, but on the quantity and value of orders placed by the customer.

Here’s one more thing they do.

All information about the rationale for any discount is stored in the Chatter feed, directly on the Opportunity. This means it is easily available in the future – certainly compared to hunting for a long lost email.

The reason is this:

A large volume of promised future orders may justify a discount. The customer may fall short of this volume. At the very least, you need to know this when it comes to re-negotiating the framework agreement. Storing all the rationale for the original discount in the Chatter feed keeps this information visible and easy to find at the appropriate time.

More tips on controlling price discounts using salesforce.

3. Manage Occasional Order Framework Agreements in Salesforce

Manage the sales process of getting a customer to the point of signature on an occasional order framework agreement by using an opportunity in salesforce.

With this type of framework agreement, there is sometimes an initial order or project to fulfil. However, the key thing is both parties take the opportunity to put a framework agreement in place that will cover future deals.

So far, it’s not dissimilar to the way regular order framework agreements are managed in salesforce.

However, unlike regular order agreements, there’s no expectation of a weekly or monthly flow of relatively small orders. Rather, you need to work proactively with the customer to identify new projects and opportunities.

Unlike regular order framework agreements, manage these future orders through separate opportunities in salesforce. That’s because each one needs its own dedicated sales process.

Here’s another thing.

Often, the framework agreement will define a specific set of product prices that will apply to future opportunities. This means you create a special Price Book, just for that customer.

Use the GSP Auto Price Book Selector to ensure this dedicated Price Book is applied to the customer (and not to any others).

Automatically Assign Price Books To Opportunities

Download the FREE App from the AppExchange today

Automatically Assign Price Books To Opportunities

Download the FREE App from the AppExchange today

The Auto Price Book Selector is an effective – and free – way to make sure salespeople consistently apply the right Price Book to the right Price Books

4. Manage License To Hunt Framework Agreements in Salesforce

Manage these framework agreements in salesforce in a similar way to the ‘occasional order’ agreements.

Use an opportunity to manage the sales process of getting the overall framework agreement secured. This opportunity can have a notional value, based on the 12 month or long term anticipated value of related deals.

However, be sure to exclude these type of opportunities from your pipeline of ‘paying’ opportunities.

Once the framework agreement is in place, create a separate opportunity in salesforce for the Accounts you are working.

Potentially, use Products and Schedules on these opportunities to define and track revenue over time in salesforce.

So there you have it.

Four types of framework agreement to manage in salesforce.

Don’t make a dog’s breakfast of it.

Decide first which type of framework agreement you’re working with. Follow the advice above – or – for a free 30 minute free consultation on managing framework agreeents in salesforce, follow the link below.

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When Repeat Opportunities Are Right (And When They Are Not)

When Repeat Opportunities Are Right (And When They Are Not)

Not every sale results in a single, one-off invoice and payment.

Many result in multiple orders and payments over time.

But here are two common mistakes companies make in salesforce:

  • They do use repeat opportunities when they shouldn’t, and sometimes
  • They don’t use repeat opportunities when they should.

The result?

  • Your sales process is far more convoluted than necessary.
  • It’s difficult to get accurate pipeline visibility.
  • Key sales metrics that give visibility of the size, quality and trend in the pipeline are distorted.

So here are five situations in which you may think repeat opportunities have a role to play in salesforce.

In each of these commonly occurring scenarios, companies receive multiple payments over time. So are repeat opportunities the best way to handle each situation?

Here’s a simple way to answer this question:

Decide whether future revenue is in jeopardy.

If the answer is yes, then repeat opportunities are probably required.

However, if the answer is no, then you probably don’t need repeat opportunities.

Here’s how repeat opportunities apply – or don’t apply – to each of the situations above.

Repeat opportunities with software as a service

Based in Paris, Sidetrade provides predictive software to accelerate credit management and the sales-to-cash cycle.

Sidetrade delivers its platform on a SaaS basis. Customers sign-up for a fixed term contract for a number of years. Payment is on an annual basis.

Sidetrade doesn’t need recurring or repeat opportunities each year.

This is because the future revenue on the existing contract is not in jeopardy. The opportunity is closed won. The customer is committed via the contract.

Therefore, instead of repeat opportunities, Sidetrade forecasts future revenue using Schedules.

For sure, Sidetrade will aim to sell additional services or upgrades to the customer.

However, Sidetrade handles this using additional opportunities. These are new opportunities for incremental revenue rather than repeat opportunities.

Repeat opportunities with insurance premiums

Based near Toronto, Aboriginal Insurance Services (AIS) sells insurance products to the Indigenous Native American communities across Canada.

For example, the community will purchase motor insurance to cover all vehicles operated by the municipal area.

The insurance and premium is always for one year of cover.

AIS will aim to renew the policy with the community. However, there’s no guarantee of this renewal.

In fact, future revenue is in considerable jeopardy. Each year, competitors will seek to undercut AIS or offer more product benefits.

Therefore, it’s right for AIS to create a repeat opportunity to manage the renewal. It is a separate sales process. AIS will apply proactive key account planning to optimize the chances of success.

There is, however, no certainty of a positive outcome.

12 Must-Have Charts For Your Salesforce Dashboard

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12 Must-Have Charts For Your Salesforce Dashboard

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Repeat opportunities with service contracts

Based in Yorkshire in northern England, MAM Software sells advanced software and hardware to support the automotive logistical supply chain in the UK and USA.

The company provides support contracts that cover the software and hardware. These typically run for 3 – 5 years.

The customer pays an annual fee for the support.

However, MAM don’t use repeat opportunities.

That’s because the customer is contractually committed for the duration of the support arrangement. The revenue is secured. It’s not in jeopardy.

Instead, MAM has a single opportunity. Products with Schedules are used to forecast future revenue. This means MAM has an accurate, forward-looking view of secured revenue.

Repeat opportunities with Proof of Concepts

Another London based customer, Modernis, provides advanced analytics and consultancy services to the insurance and re-insurance markets across the UK, USA and Europe.

Modernis offers the analytics products in a software-as-a-service platform.

However, the sales process often involves two distinct stages.

First, Modernis provides chargeable proof-of-concept access to their platform. Later, once customers have experienced the value that the platform brings, Modernis sells a contract that runs for a number of years. This contract incorporates an annual license charge.

To manage this, Modernis create two opportunities.

The first opportunity represents the sales process for the chargeable proof-of-concept.

A second opportunity is automatically created. This represents the sales process for the full contract.

So the company uses repeat opportunities – at least of a type. This is because commitment to the full contract is not a given.

Rather, it depends on a successful outcome to the proof of concept.

Modernis also forecast the future revenue on the full contract using Schedules. This is because once the contract is signed, the revenue is not in jeopardy. Therefore, no repeat opportunity is required.

Framework agreements in salesforce

Gilbarco Veeder Root (GVR) is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of petrol pumps and retail equipment. Based in Greensboro, North Carolina, the company has a salesforce deployment covering six continents.

A GVR opportunity often relates to a large site re-fit program for one of the major petrol retail companies.

The refit program may take the petrol retail company several years to complete. It’s likely to require a significant purchase from GVR.

One the one hand, a long-term contract benefits both parties.

On the other hand, the customer doesn’t want delivery of all the petrol pumps manufactured and delivered in one go!

Rather, they need to ‘draw down’ the units as-and-when the refit program is ready to install them.

So the total value of the contract is agreed. However, the month-on-month revenue is variable.

GVR handle this with a single upfront opportunity.

The company uses custom revenue schedules to predict the volume and revenue that is anticipated each month. The GVR Account Manager updates the schedules each month with the actual orders.

This allows GVR to track the projected volume (upon which the commercial terms were agreed) with the actual volume ordered by the oil company.

Recommended blog post: How To Manage 4 Types of Framework Agreement In Salesforce.

Implementation points to consider with repeat opportunities:

  • Consider triggering the repeat opportunity automatically. This avoids the subsequent opportunity being forgotten about. That trigger happens when the original opportunity is won or at some other predetermined point in the process.
  • Measure the win-loss ratio for the repeat opportunity separately to the initial opportunity.
  • Consider using Products and Schedules to forecast the revenue over time. Read this blog post for more advice on how to do this.
  • Consider custom revenue schedules if you need additional flexibility. For example, if you need to record the status (not due, invoiced, paid) on individual schedules then you will need custom revenue schedules.

Not every sale results in a single payment or transaction. However, only use repeat opportunities when it is right to do so. And if it isn’t right, then try revenue schedules instead.

Make It Fast & Easy To Add Product To Opportunities Or Quotes

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Make It Fast & Easy To Add Product To Opportunities Or Quotes

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